Controlling Your Risk Factors

Those with two or more of the following risk factors are at a higher risk for coronary artery disease:
  • Family history of early heart disease
  • Cigarette smoking (Oakwood Quit Smoking Resources)
  • High blood pressure
  • Cholesterol levels
  • Elevated blood sugar level (fasting blood glucose 110 mg/dL or higher on at least two separate occasions)
  • Excess body fat (obesity)
  • Lack of exercise (sedentary lifestyle)
  • Trouble sleeping 
  • Poor Nutrition
  • Lack of Exercise
  • Medication compliance
  • Weight management
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Stress management
  • Sleep apnea (Oakwood Sleep Apnea Centers)

Know the Symptoms of Heart Disease

Both males and females can experience one or more of the general symptoms below. Women are more likely than men to experience shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain.     
  • Chest discomfort  -  the most common symptom for both men and women.  Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.    
  • Discomfort spreading through areas of the upper body  - including pain or discomfort in one or both arms, between the shoulder blades, the back, neck, jaw or stomach  
  • Shortness of breath - with or without chest discomfort 
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Indigestion or gas-like pain
  • Dizziness
  • Unexplained weakness or fatigue
  • Sense of impending doom  
Source: American Heart Association |
If you experience these symptoms it is important to seek out your healthcare provider or get to an Emergency Room as quickly as possible. At an Oakwood Emergency Room, the ER doctors understand the differences in heart attack and stroke symptoms for men and women and will evaluate and treat you with that expertise.