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Heel pain is a common foot problem affecting young and old, active and sedentary people alike. The most common type of heel pain is called plantar fasciitis. This occurs when the main supporting ligament of the arch is strained at its attachment to the heel. Factors that can cause excessive strain of the plantar fascia are weight gain, non-supportive shoes and flat feet. Other types of heel pain are due to bursitis and Achilles tendonitis. Treatments for heel pain include anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, orthotics, passive stretching night splints, and in some cases, surgery.