Interventional Radiology

Interventional Radiology is a minimally invasive treatment for vascular and non-vascular disease, using small catheters and catheter-based instruments guided by radiological imaging techniques such as x-rays, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI and CT. These non-surgical techniques are advancing medicine and improving outcomes for a range of patients with life-threatening conditions.

We treat symptoms of
  •   Cancer
  •   Chronic pelvic pain
  •   Deep vein thrombosis
  •   Infertility
  •   Liver disease
  •   Peripheral vascular arterial disease
  •   Renal disease
  •   Uterine fibroids
  •   Varicose veins
  •   Renal arterial disease
  •   Venous disease / chronic venous insufficiency
  •   Back / spine pain; osteoporosis
  •   Some types of abnormal bleeding
  •   Neuro-Vascular disorders
What is IR (Interventional Radiology)?
Interventional radiology and interventional neuroradiology are rapidly growing areas of medicine that provides solutions to common problems affecting men and women of all ages. Interventional radiologists are physicians who specialize in minimally invasive, targeted treatments that are performed using imaging guidance. These advanced imaging procedures are replacing many open surgical procedures because they provide for easier recovery, very small incisions, less procedural risk, less pain and shorter recovery times. This guide includes brief descriptions of just a few of the many procedures our interventional radiologists offer.

Varicose Vein Ablation
Approximately 25 million women and men suffer from a condition called superficial venous reflux which can cause pain, swelling and varicose veins in the legs. The condition develops when the valves that usually keep blood flowing out of the legs become damaged or diseased. Varicose vein ablation is a quick outpatient procedure performed with minimal sedation or local anesthetic only. The procedure takes approximately 30-60 minutes per leg and patients are usually home within two hours of the procedure. Ultrasound is used to place a small laser into the abnormal vein. The energy from the laser causes the vein to close, stopping blood flow to the abnormal varicose veins, alleviating patients’ symptoms.

Spine Pain Management
Interventional radiologists perform several types of spine injection procedures to treat and diagnose back pain. Of these many procedures, two of the most-commonly performed are called Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. In these procedures, Interventional radiologists treat spine fractures, usually caused by Osteoporosis, by injecting cement into the fractured vertebral body, reducing or alleviating the associated pain.

Uterine Fibroid Embolization
According to The Society of Interventional Radiology, uterine fibroids are present in 20 - 40% of women age 35 and older. Oakwood offers a minimally invasive procedure called uterine fibroid embolization to treat fibroid tumors, which can cause pain, excessive bleeding and pressure symptoms, thereby decreasing symptoms associated with these tumors. This procedure takes 30-60 minutes, is done through a small incision in the groin and patients go home the next morning. Studies show that 78% - 94% of women who have the procedure experience significant relief.

Interventional Oncology
Interventional radiologists can play a role, in cooperation with other cancer doctors, in the management of cancer patients. CT and Ultrasound are used to guide biopsies of abnormal tissue enabling the diagnosis of many cancers. Interventional radiologists also place vascular access ports assisting with chemotherapy and other venous access issues. Interventional radiologists, working closely with cancer specialists, can help treat certain cancers with specialized chemoembolization and radio-frequency ablation techniques.

Interventional Neuroradiology
Interventional neuroradiology is sometimes referred to as endovascular neurosurgery and there are many procedures done by the neuro-interventional radiologist that can achieve results similar to traditional neurosurgical operations.­­

Interventional Radiology; How Can We Help You?
Interventional Radiology is a consultation service. We see dozens of inpatients and outpatients every week, and in cooperation with the primary care physician, help to develop the best treatment plan for the patient. Not sure what we can do or if we can help? Just call and set up a consultation. Most consultations and many procedures can be accomplished in 1 to 3 days.­­

Most Common Interventional Radiology Procedures
  • Angiography
  • Angioplasty
  • Aortic Stent Graph
  • Arteriovenous Malformation
  • AV Fistula
  • Carotid Artery Angioplasty Stenting
  • IVC Filter Placement
  • Kyphoplasty
  • Liver Chemoembolization
  • PICC Line & Chemotherapy Ports
  • Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Neuro-Interventional Procedures

  •   Acute stroke treatment, Thrombolysis
  •   Balloon occlusion of CC Fistula
  •   Celiac Ganglion block
  •   Cervical epidural steroid injection
  •   Coil embolization of aneurysm
  •   CT, ultrasound and fluoroscopically-guided biopsies
  •   Disc aspiration and abscess drainage
  •   Embolization of nosebleed
  •   Embolization of vertebral body
  •   Epidural blood patch for spinal headache
  •   Glue embolization
  •   Intra-Arterial chemotherapy of tumors
  •   Intrathecal chemotherapy
  •   Intracranial angioplasty for stenosis or vasospasm
  •   Intra- and Extra-cranial stent placement
  •   Kyphoplasty
  •   Lumbar drain
  •   Lumbar epidural injection
  •   Nerve root blocks
  •   Petrosal sinus sampling
  •   Preoperative embolization of head, neck and cranial tumors
  •   Pudendal nerve block
  •   Sacroplasty
  •   Salivary gland: removal of stone and duct dilatation
  •   SI and facet joint injection
  •   Superior hypogastric block
  •   Temporary test osculation
  •   Thrombectomy for acute stroke
  •   Vertebroplasty
  •   WADA test for brain function
For more information about Interventional Radiology  services offered at Oakwood, call 800.543.WELL.