Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a disease in which cancer cells develop in the lymphatic system, which is part of the body’s immune system. There are two general types of lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma:

There are several types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which are classified by how they look under the microscope. In general, this disease can occur in any area of the body and spread to surrounding tissues. It can occur in adults or children. Risk factors for adult Hodgkin's lymphoma include the following:

  • Being in young or late adulthood
  • Being male
  • Being infected with the Epstein-Barr virus
  • Having a first-degree relative (parent, brother, or sister) with Hodgkin's lymphoma
Possible signs/symptoms of adult Hodgkin's lymphoma include:
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • fever
  • night sweats
  • weight loss
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma:

This disease can occur in any area of the body and spread to surrounding tissues. It can occur in adults or children. Risk factors for adult non- Hodgkin's lymphoma include the following:
  • Being older, male, white
  • Taking immunosuppressive drugs
  • Being exposed to certain pesticides
  • Diet high in meat and fat
  • History of past treatment for Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Having one of the following:
    • Inherited immune disorder
    • An autoimmune disease
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Human T-cell virus type I or Epstein Barr virus
    • History of helicobacter pylori infection
Possible signs/symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma:
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
Other conditions may cause similar symptoms as above. A doctor should be consulted if any of the following problems do not go away:
  • Painless, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, or groin
  • Fevers (unexplained)
  • Drenching night sweats
  • Weight loss (unexplained)
  • Itchy skin
  • Tiredness