Cancer screening guidelines

Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tissues of the prostate. While no one knows the exact cause, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among men in this country.

The following symptoms are common in prostate cancer:

  • Urinary problems
  • Inability to urinate, or difficulty starting or stopping the urine flow
  • The need to urinate frequently, especially at night
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Difficulty having an erection
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Frequent pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
In most cases, these symptoms are not due to prostate cancer. However, a man with these symptoms should see a doctor so any problem can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

Risk factors for prostate cancer include the following:
  • Age is the strongest risk factor. Most men with prostate cancer are older than 65.
  • Risk is higher than average if his father or brother had the disease.
  • More common in African American men than white men (including Hispanic white men.
  • Abnormal cells (high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia).
  • Studies suggest that a diet high in animal fat/meat increase risk, while a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may lower risk.