Cancer screening guidelines

Uterine Cancer occurs when abnormal cells form in the tissues of the uterus. The uterus is the pear-shaped organ in the women’s reproductive organs where the baby grows. The most common type of cancer of the uterus begins in the endometrium (lining of the uterus). A second type of cancer seen in the uterus is uterine sarcoma. This type of cancer of the uterus occurs in the muscle.

Two common benign (non-cancerous) conditions of the uterus are fibroids and endometriosis. Both of these conditions are benign, and will not result in cancer.

Risk factors related to uterine cancer include:

  • Age - occurs more often in women over 50
  • Endometrial hyperplasia - increases you risk of developing endometrial cancer
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Use of tamoxifen
  • Race - white women more likely to develop endometrial cancer than African American
  • Colorectal cancer history
  • Other risk factors: length of time body is exposed to estrogen - women who have not children, who begin menstruation at a very young age, or enter menopause late in life are exposed to estrogen longer and are at a higher risk
Symptoms include:
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Pain when urinating
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Pain in the pelvic area
These symptoms can also be a result of other medical problems not related to cancer.